3 edition of Pink bollworms found in the catalog.
by Agricultural Research (Western Region), Science and Education Administration, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Berkeley, Calif
Written in English
|Series||Agricultural research results -- 3.|
|Contributions||United States. Science and Education Administration. Agricultural Research. Western Region.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||9,  p. :|
Pink bollworms are major pests of cotton. The larvae feed on the seeds and destroy the fibers of cotton, reducing quality and crop yield. Since its discovery it has caused millions of dollars in cotton damage, and control costs each year. Losses in cotton for the United States are . Additional Physical Format: Online version: Bryan, D.E. Nonchemical control of pink bollworms. Berkeley: Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,
The pink bollworm, P. gossypiella is native to Asia and it was first described from larvae recovered from infested cotton bolls in India in (Noble ). bollworm, name for the larvae of two different moths. The pink bollworm pink bollworm, destructive larva of a moth, Pectinophora gossypiella. Probably of Native American origin, it is a serious pest of cotton in the S United States, chiefly along the Mexican border.
The pink bollworm is distributed in many cotton-growing countries, including India, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Japan, China, Korea, Greece, and Italy. The insect does not occur in the USSR, where it is an object of external quarantine. The pink bollworm produces two to six generations per year. The USDA Pink Bollworm Project Photograph Collection documents the work of the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration on bollworm detection, prevention, and quarantine measures. The materials consist primarily of black-and-white and color photographs of plant and insect specimens, scientific activities, facilities, and personnel.
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That even if pink bollworms were established there, generations would be fewer and population levels would be lower compared with the lower desert cotton-growing areas of the far west.
The effect of the region’s climate on the pink boll-worm is an unknown in this circumstance. The pink bollworm is now recorded in nearly all.
Bollworm, any larvae of various moths (order Lepidoptera), including the pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella, family Gelechiidae) and some Helicoverpa species. While these larvae are mostly known for the damage they inflict on cotton bolls, a variety of plants are attacked by bollworms, including peas, alfalfa, beans, soybeans, flax, peanuts, and other commercial crops.
The pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella; Spanish: lagarta rosada) is an insect known for being a pest in cotton farming.
The adult is a small, thin, gray moth with fringed wings. The larva is a dull white caterpillar with eight pairs of legs with conspicuous pink banding along its dorsum. The larva reaches one half inch in : Gelechiidae.
To Pink bollworms book able to see pink bollworm larvae, bolls have to be cracked open. The first and second instars are difficult to see against the white lint of the bolls. Eggs are very small, slightly elongated, and laid under the calyx of green bolls. Damage. Pink bollworms damage squares and bolls, the damage to bolls being the most serious.
Larvae burrow. Report on investigations of the pink bollworm of cotton in Mexico [U. Loftin] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher.
Not indexed. Not illustrated. Excerpt: basis is per cent. rows However, pink bollworm larvae do not appear to undergo a diapause in Zimbabwe. The Pink Bollworm (PBW) Program is one of the most successful and longest running, area-wide integrated pest control programs in the world.
This unique integrated pest control program has been in continual operation since The cooperative program is funded almost entirely by the cotton growers of California through an assessment on each. The pink bollworm larvae like to feed inside a growing cotton boll, hence their name.
Feeding inside the cotton boll destroys the cotton. The pink bollworm prefers cotton, but will also feed on okra and hibiscus. The pink bollworms prefer areas where cotton and orka are being produced. Other articles where Pink bollworm is discussed: gelechiid moth: The pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella) is one of the most destructive pests of cotton.
Though probably native to India, it is now distributed worldwide. It bores into cotton bolls, devouring blossoms and seeds. The pinkish-coloured larva generally pupates in a cocoon inside a boll or seed. D.E. Sonenshine, in Reference Module in Life Sciences, Pink bollworm.
The pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella, is a key worldwide pest of the southern California desert valleys and in Mexico, its presence has altered IPM schemes since the s, necessitating the application of 10–15 extra insecticide sprays per hectare per season.
he Pink Bollworm life cycle includes four stages. These are the egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The time required from egg to egg varies because of temperature and other condi-tions but generally is about one month during the summer months.
Egg Female pink bollworm moths lay eggs singly or, more commonly, in small groups. Eggs are white when first File Size: 43KB. Pink bollworm definition is - a small dark brown moth (Pectinophora gossypiella) whose pinkish larva bores into the flowers and bolls of cotton and is a destructive pest in most cotton-growing regions.
The Pink Bollworm, Bt Cotton and Paradoxes of Indian Governance k ENGAGEMENT The pink bollworm has been destroying Bt cotton crops, in part because. Other forms followed by way of the Red Book Subcontract (), the Pink Book (MDB) (), the Blue Book (Dredging) and the Gold Book (DBO) in Time, Payment, Performance Bonds and Termination Under the FIDIC Red Book.
Every summer, adult pink bollworms are blown into the Central Valley from Mexico and the southern California desert regions on tropical storm systems. The threat of these “blow-ins” mating and depositing eggs is huge; that they could survive and flourish to become established in theha of cotton grown in the valley is not disputed.
The role of PPQ's Cotton Pest Programs is to eradicate the pink bollworm from all cotton-producing areas of the U.S. and northern Mexico in cooperation with States, the cotton industry, and Mexico. The staff also provides technical assistance to facilitate the trade of U.S. cotton in international markets.
First instar pink bollworm adjacent to entry hole “wart” on the inner carpal wall of a boll. Cotton boll heavily infested with pink bollworms; one or more boll locules may be damaged depending on the number of pink bollworm larvae or the incidence of boll rotting organisms.
Pink Bollworm Eradication: A Window of Opportunity The pink bollworm is a very destructive cotton insect National Cotton Council estimates pink bollworm costs Western cotton producers an estimated $ million annu-ally for prevention, control and yield losses.
Fortunately, U.S. cotton producers now have access to the tools for File Size: KB. Define pink. pink synonyms, pink pronunciation, pink translation, English dictionary definition of pink. Any of a group of colors reddish in hue, of medium to high lightness, and of low to moderate saturation.
Chemical, Cultural and Mechanical Control of the Pink Bollworm Unknown Binding – See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Unknown Binding "Please retry" — — $ The Amazon Book Review Manufacturer: Texas Ag.
Experiment Station. PINK BOLLWORM. Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) -- Gelechiidae (Contacts)GO TO ALL: Bio-Control Cases When iella invaded the lower Colorado Desert of Arizona and California inwithin 10 years the following damages resulted: (1) total cotton area dropped f ha.
to 37, ha., (2) total value of cotton dropped from $, to $71, (3) insect control costs.Illustration - Pink Bollworm Life Cycle. Host Cotton is the preferred host, but 46 plant species (mostly in the mallow family) have been recorded as hosts in the U.S. and northern Mexico.
Cultivated okra is second in importance to cotton as a pink bollworm host. Distribution Generally distributed in all of the major cotton producing countries of the world except Mexico and the U.S., where it.Get this from a library!
Pink bollworms: a 5-year study of cultural control in southern Arizona. [R E Fye; United States. Science and Education Administration. Agricultural Research. Western Region.].